Concrete – Sidewalks/Driveways/Service Walks/Patios/Garage & Basement Floors/Shed and Generator Pads/Garage & Driveway Aprons
Concrete work is completed in accordance with the codes of the Town/Municipality. Variables include the thickness or grade of the concrete to be used.
Each job typically starts with breaking up existing concrete or excavating the area where the new concrete is to be installed. Once the area is excavated, we run lines and set forms. Once the forms are in place, we lay a base. We primarily use ¾ inch quarry process stone and compact the base. We then run wire or rebar throughout the formed area as required. The forms will vary in thickness. Patios & sidewalks are usually a 4 inch pour while driveways, aprons & garage floors are typically a 6 inch pour. Once the concrete is poured, we install expansion joints. These are typically used in sidewalk, patio, and apron work. Finishing depends on the nature of the job. A broom finish is used for walks & patios, A smooth trowel finish is used for floors.
Curbs – These jobs typically include removing the existing curb and then forming up the new curb. The dimensions of a typical curb – 18 inch deep, by 6 inch wide at the top, 9 inch wide at the bottom. A 4000 lbps concrete mix is used.
Belgium Block -curbing is installed in a similar manner. The old curb is removed and formed at an 18 inch depth. Concrete is poured into the forms and the blocks are set into the concrete. There is typically a 1 inch joint between each block. Belgium Block around flower bed and driveways will usually have a concrete base of approximately 10 inches deep.
Paver Work – Walks/Driveways/Patios/Outdoor Living Space
The area is excavated and debris is removed. A base of ¾ quarry process stone is placed and compacted. We then screed out 1 inch of stone dust. Lines are run, pavers are set. Cuts are made, border stones are installed. A subgrade edge is set to keep the pavers in place. The pavers are compacted into the stone dust. After the pavers are power washed and dry, a polymer sand is placed.
Retaining Walls/Dryset Wall Systems/Fieldstone Stack Walls
The area is excavated and the footing is dug. A 1 ft. thick base is laid using a ¾” quarry process stone. The stone is then compacted. Lines are run and elevations are checked. The blocks or stones are set and we fill behind the wall with clean gravel for drainage purposes. Once the wall is at a proper elevation, we set cap stone and back fill.
All work is completed according to building codes for the town/municipality. The area is excavated or the existing step is removed. A concrete footing is poured, at a depth of 3 feet. A block step is built and a stone or brick veneer is then constructed around the block. Treads are installed.
Block Foundations – Block foundations are completed according to the architect specifications.
Outdoor Fireplaces/Indoor Fireplaces are constructed according to architect and customer specifications.
The homeowner chooses the preferred material. The surface is prepared by removing the existing veneer or siding on exterior walls. We lathe and scratch coat to prep for culture stone or Tyveck for natural stone or brick. Interior walls are usually gutted to allow for Wonder Board. The stone or brick is then set.
Bluestone or Stone Patios/Floors/Walks
The area is excavated and a steel reinforced concrete pad is poured. A mortar pad is then laid and the stone are set into the mortar pad. Joints are filled with cement.